Istanbul has hosted many nations and many beliefs for centuries. On the one hand the minarets dispreading through the sky on the other hand gongs coming from the churches…
Generally, the churches in Istanbul are Rum, and many of them are from Byzantine Period. Armenian and Catholic Churches are fewer.
The Church of Aya İrini
It’s one of the greatest Byzantine Churches. Because of the natural disasters like earthquake, fire etc. the building feel into ruin in the course of time. After the Conquest of Istanbul, it couldn’t have been turned into a mosque because it was within the boundaries of Topkapı Palace. Aya İrini used as a weapon warehouse of ministry of war provided a service as a museum until 1949. Since 1973, it has hosted lots of art activities.
Bulgarian Church of Aya İstefanos
It is called “Iron Church” because the interior columns including the mezzanines were made by iron casting. Anzavour the famous Architect built the church in the backyard of a factory in Vienna. After that, it was moved by a riverboat removing from the former location to Istanbul. Nowadays, it is still used by Orthodox-Bulgarian community.
In 1461, it was made by Fatih Sultan Mehmet. The head office address of the church is the Patriarchal Church of Surp Asdvadzadzin in Istanbul. After conquering Istanbul, Fatih Sultan Mehmet replaced Armenians in Istanbul and gave this church to them in order to become an alternative community for them and prevent a potential riot.
Crimean Church (Anglican Church)
This building claimed to be made by the British in 1868 after Crimean War (Kırım Savaşı) is an Anglican Church. Before it was built, it was a Rum graveyard. It looks fascinating with its neo-gothic architecture. Even so the church whose visitors were decreased was closed in 1970s and then it was reopened to worship in 1990 by being restored under the guidance of Anglican Church.
Catholic Church of Saint Antoine
As an Ottoman gift for the Catholic citizens in 1725, the church is in Istiklal Street. In the name of the church, Kostantino Çedolini issued a magazine named Saint Antoine Lover (Sent Antuan Dostu). The last known issue of the magazine having more than 60 was published on December, 1998. It is known as the church which has the most crowded community in Istanbul.
The Church of Surp Krikor Lusarovic
The church across the port is an Armenian Gregorian Church. The architect of the building opened to worship in 1835 was Hovhannes Amira Serveryan. Ones who falls for the simple outer view may be mistaken. Because the interior design of it is pretty fancy. Next to the entrance, the portrait of Saint Lusarovic will welcome you.
Armenian Apostolic Church
It has been told that it is one of the old national Christian Churches of the World whose members Armenians are. The church defined as a monophysite church by other communions defends the opinion that Jesus Christ had both humanistic and divine structure. Although Council of Chalcedon disaffirmed it in 451, the church defended its opinion taking the risk of banishment or abandonment from the Orthodoxy.
Armenian Church of Three Altars
The real name of the church meant Holy Trinity is Surp Yerrortutyan. After the land belonged to a Rum community was bought by an Armenian Community, the community had a school built by name of Surp Echmiadzin instead of the former church. Even though a building was made for the church in 1807, it became unserviceable as a result of a fire in 1810. There are the graveyards of the patriarchs in the church.
The Church of St. Pierre
Location: Karaköy, Galata
It is in the ground floor of Galata Tower. Because of the fire in 1660, the priests had to turn the dining hall into the church. The church changed hands too much is still open for the prayers.
The Church of the Virgin Mary
The Church across the Armenian Church is quite unlucky. The date of the establishment is unknown due to continual fires. There is a school in the church restored last in 1985.